One would think in November there isn’t much to be done in the garden, but that is very incorrect! Take advantage of warmer days and keep your garden safe from the elements, while planning for the spring!
General garden care
Get a jump on next year’s weather forecasts with the Original Old Farmer’s Almanac.
As leaves drop, shred them and add to compost heaps; Buy a compost bin or turner if you don’t have one.
Buy a pond heater if you need one prior to freezing temperatures.
Buy rakes and gloves for kids so they can help rake leaves.
Apply a dormant spray of Horticultural oil to help reduce the insect population next year.
Mulch landscape beds for winter protection and beautification. Various mulches are available in both bulk and bags.
Check and oil tools and drain gasoline from gas powered equipment.
Continue to plant spring blooming bulbs until the ground freezes.
If you haven’t yet, feed hollies, azaleas, rhododendron, hemlocks and other acid-loving plants with Espoma Holly-tone. Apply Plant-tone to all other plants.
Pot up bulbs and put in cold frame for early spring bloom indoors.
Fertilize your trees with Jobes Tree Spikes or Tree-tone as the leaves fall.
Christmas cactus needs to be in cool night temperatures to bloom at Christmas.
Use plant lights to help your houseplants get through the shorter days.
Pot up amaryllis and paperwhites for indoor blooms.
Protect evergreens from sun and wind by wrapping with burlap and staking.
Continue watering new plants into winter.
Spray azaleas, rhododendron, hollies and other evergreens with a winter anti-wilt to protect them through the winter with minimal moisture loss. Save enough for your fresh cut Christmas tree and greens to keep them looking green longer.
Continue to plant trees and shrubs. Keep watering until a hard freeze.
Apply winter mulch-especially to strawberries and brambles, at least 4″ thick after the first hard frost. Snow acts as a natural winter mulch that will insulate plants from the cold. Because snowfall is unreliable, it is better to use straw, shredded straw and hay or salt hay.
Wrap fig trees around Thanksgiving and unwrap in April.
Get mulch together for covering overwintering vegetables such as carrots, leeks and beets.
Plant lettuce and spinach in cold frames for early harvest next spring.
Remove all debris from vegetable garden (except for cover crops) so as not to encourage pests to over winter.
Harvest fall crops such as broccoli, lettuce, spinach, Chinese cabbage, cauliflower and turnips.
Add organic amendments such as greensand, rock phosphate, gypsum, blood or bone meal, fish meal, kelp, etc. Most are slow release so they break down over winter and release the minerals when the plants need them in the spring.
Cut grass fairly short to prevent matting under the snow.
Fertilize your lawn by Thanksgiving. into early winter.