What’s the deal with… Compost!

August 1, 2018


What is compost?

  • The decomposition of plant remains and other once-living, raw materials that results in an earthy, dark, crumbly substance called humus
  • The material provides the proper environmental conditions for microbial life
  • Billions of microbes (fungi, bacteria, etc.) digest the yard debris and kitchen food wastes and recycle it all into organic fertilizer and soil conditioner


Why compost?

  • Improves soil structure and moisture retention
  • Protect plants from certain diseases and insect attack
  • Reduce household waste


What can be composted?

  • Shredded leaves, grass clippings,pine needles, and chopped hay and straw
  • manure
  • kitchen scraps, coffee grounds (not the filter!), peanut shells, and crushed egg shells
  • sawdust (untreated)
  • human hair
  • and more!


How can I compost?

  1. Create a location on your property for your compost
    • Not too close to your house
    • Sun or shade
  2. Purchase a compost bin for outside or build your own!
  3. Collect kitchen scraps inside
  4. Fill outside bin using layers (3 parts brown to 1 part green)
  5. Brown material (yard debris/leaves)
    • Green material (kitchen scraps)
    • Other material (egg shells, hair, paper towels) – use in moderation
    • Espoma Compost Starter – All Natural Composting Aid
  6. Keep compost moist
  7. Mix and turn every week or two
  8. Ready to use when its a deep brown color (2 to 3 months)


Composting resources:

  • Let it Rot!: The Gardener’s Guide to Composting by Stu Campbell
  • www.gardentimes.org – A monthly newsletter and blog for organic gardeners
  • Primex Compost Workshop – September 21, 2018 @ 10AM
  • All products listed above can be purchased from Primex Garden Center